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Tree and Shrub

We have compiled some information to help with the care of your new landscape. Upon completion of your project, we will walk through your property with you to explain and show you the proper care of your new plantings and hardscape. Benson Enterprises also provides a full range of maintenance services to help keep your property looking lush and healthy. Please feel free to contact us with any questions or concerns you might have; we are here to serve you. Enjoy your new landscape and thank you again for you valued business. Contact us to get started today.

Watering

After your landscape has been completed, some of the most important care begins with proper and regular watering. Proper watering techniques often make the difference between a plant that thrives or one that just survives.

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Shrub and Tree Watering Techniques

When watering small to medium shrubs and small trees, each planting requires 20-30 seconds of watering with the spigot on half speed. Try to avoid a lot of contact with the foliage as this will only take water away from the roots. Also try to avoid water run off. For large trees and shrubs, the best way to water is set the hose down next to the trunk with the spigot on ¼ speed and let the water soak into the ground for about 5-15 minutes (based the size of the planting and your soil type). If you tend to get run off when watering, simply turn down the spigot.

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Recommended Watering Schedule

The frequency and amount of water that your plants will need depends on the weather and soil type. Days that see a ½” of rain can be skipped and regular watering can resume on the next scheduled day. Follow this schedule for the first two months or through the hot and dry season. Be careful to avoid over watering, too much water is worse than too little water. If you are unsure on the proper watering of your new plants please give us a call.

Temperature
Soil Conditions
Watering
50°-60°
sandy soil
1x per week
50°-60°
clay soil
1x per week
50°-60°
loam soil
1x per week
60°-70°
sandy soil
1-2x’s per week
60°-70°
clay soil
1x per week
60°-70°
loam soil
1-2x’s per week
70°-80°
sandy soil
2-3x’s per week
70°-80°
clay soil
2-3x’s per week
70°-80°
loam soil
2-3x’s per week
80°-90°
sandy soil
5-6x’s per week
80°-90°
clay soil
2-3x’s per week
80°-90°
loam soil
4-5x’s per week
Fertilization

During the planting process your new plants were fertilized with all the necessary nutrients and soil amendments they will need for the first year. After the first year, your new plantings would benefit from occasional fertilizing to help them establish faster and maintain their health and vigor. At Benson Enterprises we use organic fertilizers. The best time to fertilize your new plants is in the Spring or the Fall. If you would like information on deep root fertilizing or other insect and disease preventive programs we provide, please feel free to contact us.

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Shrub & Tree Fertilization

When it’s time to fertilize your plants, pull back the mulch to the drip line of the plant . Follow the instructions on the bag and apply the fertilizer around the root ball. Gently mix the fertilizer into the soil with your hands and reapply the mulch. The type of fertilizer depends on the type of plant.

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Pruning

Most landscape plants need regular pruning, whether to preserve a loose, natural form or to create a tight compact shape. A common mistake that people make is to let their plantings go without pruning for an extended amount of time, assuming the plantings are too new to need pruning. After a year has gone by, it’s important to start training your plants by pruning or shearing them. Various “styles” of pruning are employed according to plant requirements and intended use. Fruit trees are pruned for production, hedges for screening and specimens for display. Use well-built, sharp tools. Clean cuts heal, ragged or pinched cuts allow diseases and rot to enter the plant. The mature form should be visualized and each pruning session should be devoted to encouraging that form. Expert pruning requires a broad understanding of growth characteristics, cutting technique, site properties and other factors. Several important techniques must be mastered before actual pruning work begins. We suggest reading a good pruning manual and/or obtaining lessons from an experienced pruner. Pruning is a fascinating art and science and is well worth the effort devoted to learning. If you prefer to have your pruning handled professionally, our trained and experienced Horticulturists can provide this service for you.

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